sashalamilton - How Can I Bring a Brazilian Wife Back to the USA if We Marry in Brazil?

Bringing a Brazilian wife to the USA involves navigating through various legal processes and ensuring that all the required documentation is correctly filed. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through this journey.

Step 1: Marriage in Brazil

Before initiating the immigration process, you must legally marry in Brazil. Ensure that you comply with all local marriage laws and obtain a valid marriage certificate recognized by both Brazil and the United States.

Step 2: Petition for Spouse

Once married, you, as the U.S. citizen, must file Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). This form establishes the qualifying relationship between you and your Brazilian woman for marriage.

Step 3: Visa Application

After the USCIS approves the petition, it is sent to the National Visa Center (NVC), which will assign a case number and forward it to the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Brazil. Your spouse will then need to apply for a marriage-based immigrant visa.

Step 4: Medical Examination and Visa Interview

In this crucial step, your Brazilian spouse will need to fulfill two significant requirements: a medical examination and a visa interview. Both are mandatory processes to ensure the eligibility of your spouse for U.S. immigration.

Medical Examination

  • Purpose: The medical examination is intended to identify any health conditions that need attention before immigration. It is crucial for public safety and is a standard requirement for all immigrant visa applicants.
  • Procedure: The examination must be conducted by a panel physician approved by the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Brazil. The physician will evaluate the overall health, review medical history, and perform necessary tests and vaccinations.
  • Documentation: Your spouse will need to provide a valid passport, visa interview appointment letter, and vaccination records during the examination.
  • Results: The results, usually sealed, should not be opened and must be submitted during the visa interview.

Visa Interview

  • Scheduling: Once the National Visa Center schedules the interview, your spouse will receive an appointment letter with the date, time, and location of the interview.
  • Preparation: It is crucial to prepare for the interview by gathering all required documents, including the marriage certificate, financial support evidence, and approved medical examination results.
  • Procedure: During the interview, a consular officer will review the application and documents, ask questions related to your relationship and marriage, and assess the credibility and intent of the marriage.
  • Outcome: If the officer is satisfied with the provided information and documents, they will approve the visa application. However, if there are discrepancies or missing documents, there might be delays or denials.

Important Notes

  • Ensure that all documents, especially the medical examination results, are presented accurately and promptly.
  • It is advisable for your spouse to be honest and clear in their responses during the interview.
  • Any misinformation or discrepancies can lead to complications, delays, or even denials in the visa process.
This step is pivotal as it directly influences the visa approval and, subsequently, your spouse's ability to join you in the U.S. Proper preparation and adherence to the guidelines can help in smooth sailing through this phase.

Step 5: Paying the Fees

Navigating through the immigration process involves encountering several fees at different stages. It is crucial to be aware of these and make timely payments to avoid any delays in the process.

Visa Application Fee

Your Brazilian spouse will be required to pay a fee at the time of submitting the visa application. This fee is non-refundable and is mandatory for the processing of the application.

Medical Examination Fee

Before the visa interview, your spouse will undergo a medical examination by a panel physician approved by the U.S. Embassy or Consulate. The cost of this examination is also borne by the applicant and can vary depending on the country and the physician.

USCIS Immigrant Fee

After the visa is approved, your spouse will need to pay the USCIS immigrant fee online before traveling to the United States. This fee covers the cost of processing the immigrant visa package and producing the Green Card.
Additional Costs
Apart from the mentioned fees, there might be additional costs related to obtaining necessary documents, translations, and postage fees. It is advisable to be prepared for these incidental expenses.

Important Considerations

  • Timely Payment. Ensure all fees are paid on time to avoid any delays in the visa processing. Delayed payments can result in postponement of visa interviews and, subsequently, the travel to the U.S.
  • Receipts. Keep all receipts and payment confirmations safely. These might be required at different stages of the application process as proof of payment.
  • Financial Planning. Given the various fees involved, it is prudent to plan finances accordingly. Having a clear understanding of all the costs involved will help in managing finances efficiently and ensuring a smooth process.

Step 6: Arrival in the U.S.

Once the visa is approved and issued, your Brazilian spouse can travel to the United States. Upon arrival, they will be processed for permanent residence and receive a Permanent Resident Card (Green Card) in the mail.

Step 7: Applying for U.S. Citizenship

After living in the U.S. as a permanent resident for a specific period, usually three to five years, your spouse can apply for U.S. citizenship through naturalization.

Considerations and Precautions

  • Legal Assistance: Consider seeking legal advice from an immigration attorney to navigate through complex immigration laws and ensure all documents are correctly filed.
  • Validity of Marriage: The marriage must be valid, meaning both parties intended to establish a life together at the time of marriage.
  • Financial Support: You must demonstrate the ability to financially support your spouse by meeting the income requirements or having a suitable sponsor.


Bringing a Brazilian wife to the USA requires careful attention to legal procedures and a commitment to ensuring all requirements are met. By following the correct legal processes and being diligent with the necessary documentation, you can look forward to starting a new chapter of your life with your Brazilian spouse in the United States.
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